Person Perception and Attribution

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Trope, Yaacov and Ruth Gaunt. Michael A. Hogg and Joel Cooper. SAGE Knowledge. Have you created a personal profile? Login or create a profile so that you can create alerts and save clips, playlists, and searches. Please log in from an authenticated institution or log into your member profile to access the email feature.

Person Perception and Attribution

In everyday interaction with other people, we often try to figure out what kind of people they are, what they want, and what they intend to do. The various types of relationship we eventually form with other people — close or distant, cooperative or competitive — depends on how we perceive them. A great deal of social-psychological research has examined how we form impressions of other people and read their mind. This chapter reviews what we have learned from this research about the cognitive and motivational mechanisms that underlie the perception of people and the explanation of their behavior.

A great deal of social-psychological research is based on the assumption that interpersonal relations depend on how people mentally construe CQ Press Your definitive resource for politics, policy and people. Remember me?

Person Perception and Attribution | Hans-Werner Bierhoff | Springer

Back Institutional Login Please choose from an option shown below. Need help logging in? Click here. Tom is laughing at a comedian. On the other hand, if Tom is the only person who laughs at this comedian, if Tom laughs at all comedians and if Tom always laughs at the comedian then we would make an internal attribution, i. That is to say,; we see that two things go together and we, therefore, assume that one causes the other.

One problem, however, is that we may not have enough information to make that kind of judgment.

So what do we do then? For example, we see an athlete win a marathon, and we reason that she must be very fit, highly motivated, have trained hard etc.

Attribution Theory

For example, we see an athlete fail a drug test, and we reason that she may be trying to cheat, or have taken a banned substance by accident or been tricked into taking it by her coach. Any one reason would be sufficient. Jones, E. Berkowitz ed. Kelley, H.

Attribution theory in social psychology. Levine ed. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. How to reference this article:.

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McLeod, S. Attribution theory. Toggle navigation. Dispositional Attribution. Dispositional attribution assigns the cause of behavior to some internal characteristic of a person, rather than to outside forces. Situational Attribution.

Attribution Theory

The process of assigning the cause of behavior to some situation or event outside a person's control rather than to some internal characteristic. If everybody in the audience is laughing, the consensus is high. If only Tom is laughing consensus is low. If Tom only laughs at this comedian, the distinctiveness is high.

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If Tom laughs at everything, then distinctiveness is low. If Tom always laughs at this comedian the consistency is high. If Tom rarely laughs at this comedian, then consistency is low.